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CEDAR is committed to publication of our work in open-access peer-reviewed journals.


Bartlett R, Absalom R, Williams O, Withers K. (2023) Development and pilot of a community low vision service- specific Patient-Reported Experience Measure. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics.  00: 1-8


Coxon-Meggy AH, Vogel I, White J, Croft J, Corrigan N, Meggy A, Stocken DD, Keller D, Hompes R, Knowles CH, Quyn A, Cornish J. Pathway Of Low Anterior Resection syndrome relief after Surgery (POLARiS) feasibility trial protocol: a multicentre, feasibility cohort study with embedded randomised control trial to compare sacral neuromodulation and transanal irrigation to optimised conservative management in the management of major low anterior resection syndrome following rectal cancer treatment. BMJ Open. 2023 Jan 10;13(1):e064248.



Withers, K.L., Morgan, H., Lencioni, M. (2022). QOL and PROMS in Catheter Ablation of Cardiac Arrhythmia. In: Athanasiou, T., Darzi, A., Oo, A.Y. (eds) Patient Reported Outcomes and Quality of Life in Cardiovascular Interventions. Springer, Cham.

Smith, L., Meggy, A., Watts, T., Knight, L., Torkington, J., & Cornish, J. (2022). Incisional hernia prevention: risk-benefit from a patient perspective (INVITE) - protocol for a single-centre, mixed-methods, cross-sectional study aiming to determine if using prophylactic mesh in incisional hernia prevention is acceptable to patients. BMJ open12(12), e069568.

Dale, M., Bell, S.F., O’Connell, S. et al. What is the Economic Cost of Providing an All Wales Postpartum Haemorrhage Quality Improvement Initiative (OBS Cymru)? A Cost-Consequences Comparison with Standard Care. PharmacoEconomics Open (2022).

HART Collaborative, Incisional hernia following colorectal cancer surgery according to suture technique: Hughes Abdominal Repair Randomized Trial (HART), British Journal of Surgery, 2022;, znac198,

O'Connell S, Islam S, Sewell B, Farr A, Knight L, Bashir N, et al. Hughes abdominal closure versus standard mass closure to reduce incisional hernias following surgery for colorectal cancer: the HART RCTHealth Technol Assess 2022;26(34)

Knight, L., Dale, M., Cleves, A., Pelekanou, C., Morris, R. (2022) UroLift for Treating Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance Update. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 

Cleves, A., Ivins, N., Clark, M., Carolan-Rees, G., Jones, N., White, J., & Morris, R. (2022). Parafricta bootees compared with standard care to prevent heel pressure ulcers: a multicentre pragmatic randomised controlled trialWounds UK18 (2).


Ryczek E, Peirce SC, Knight L. et al. (2022) A Case Study on Reviewing Specialist Services Commissioning in Wales: TAVI for Severe Aortic Stenosis. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 

Vogel I, Vaughan-Shaw PG, Gash K, Withers KL, Carolan-Rees G, Thornton M, Dhruvao Rao PK, Torkington J, Cornish JA. (2021) Improving the time to ileostomy closure following an anterior resection for rectal cancer in the UK. Colorectal Dis. 2021 Sept 20 24(1) 120-127.  

Reeves N, White J, Bird S, Shinkwin M, Cornish J, Torkington J. (2021) Warmed and humidified insufflation to prevent perioperative hypothermia and improve the quality of recovery in elective laparoscopic colorectal resection patients: a feasibility study for a triple-blind randomized controlled trial. Colorectal Dis. 2021 Nov 8. doi: 10.1111/codi.15984. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34747558.

O’Connell, S., Dale, M., Morgan, H. et al. (2021) Episcissors-60 for Mediolateral Episiotomy: Evaluation of Clinical and Economic Evidence to Inform NICE Medical Technologies Guidance. Appl Health Econ Health Policy .

Poole, R.L., Dale, M., Morgan, al. Axonics sacral neuromodulation system for treating refractory overactive bladder: A NICE Medical Technologies Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-9.

O’Connell, S., Dale, M., Morgan, H., Carter, K., Morris, R., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2021). gammaCore for Cluster Headaches: A NICE Medical Technologies GuidancePharmacoEconomics-Open, 1-10.

Knight, L., Peirce, S., & Morris, R. (2021). The PLASMA System for Transurethral Resection of the Prostate: A NICE Medical Technologies Guidance UpdateApplied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-8.

White, J., Knight, L., da Cruz, L., Stanga, P. E., Patrick, H., Powell, H., ... & Jackson, T. L. (2021). Effects of the Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System on the Quality of Life of Patients With Ultra-Low Vision Due to Retinitis Pigmentosa: Protocol for a Single-Arm, Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Research Protocols10(1), e17436.

Withers K, Palmer R, Lewis S, Carolan-Rees G. First steps in PROMs and PREMs collection in Wales as part of the prudent and value-based healthcare agenda. Qual Life Res. 2021 Nov;30(11):3157-3170. doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02711-2. Epub 2020 Nov 29. PMID: 33249539; PMCID: PMC7700742


Morris, R. J., & Roberts, C. H. (2020). Haematological effects of intermittent pneumatic compression for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxisThrombosis and Haemostasis120(06), 912-923.

Morris, R. J. (2020). Research quality in the study of mechanical methods of deep vein thrombosis prophylaxisPhlebology35(5), 297-304.

Morris, R. J., Ridgway, B. S., & Woodcock, J. P. (2020). The use of intermittent pneumatic compression of the thigh to affect arterial and venous blood flow proximal to a chronic wound siteInternational Wound Journal17(5), 1483-1489.

Dale, M., Evans, J., Carter, K., O’Connell, S., Morgan, H., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2020). iFuse implant system for treating chronic sacroiliac joint pain: a NICE medical technology guidance. Applied health economics and health policy, 18(3), 363-373.

O'Connell, S., Dale, M., Morgan, H., Carter, K., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2020). Curos™ Disinfection Caps for the Prevention of Infection When Using Needleless Connectors: A NICE Medical Technologies Guidance. Applied health economics and health policy, Advance online publication.

Powell-Chandler, A., Withers, K., Carolan-Rees, G., Cornish, J. (2020) The acceptability of faecal microbiota transplant for anterior resection syndrome (AFFINITY) study. Surgeries. 1(1) 10-10.

Palmer, R.I., Withers, K.L., Willacott, A., Carolan-Rees, G. (2020) Gwella gwasanaethau gofal iechyd â chymorth cleifion: Casglu PROMs a PREMs ledled Cymru - Improving healthcare services with patients’ help: Collecting PROMs and PREMs throughout Wales. Gwerddon, 30; 40-67.

Ryczek, E., White, J., & Carolan‐Rees, G. (2020). Implementation of high‐throughput non‐invasive prenatal testing for fetal RHD genotype testing in England: Results of a cross‐sectional survey of maternity units and expert interviews. Transfusion Medicine30(4), 287-294.

Withers, K., Palmer, R., Lewis, S., Carolan-Rees, G.(2020) First steps in PROMs and PREMs collection in Wales as part of the prudent and value-based healthcare agenda. Quality of Life Research, 1-14.


Evans, J.M., Ray, A., Dale, M., Morgan, H., Dimmock, P., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2019). Thopaz+ Portable Digital System for Managing Chest Drains: A NICE Medical Technology GuidanceApplied Health Economics and Health Policy.

Evans, J., Withers, K., Lencioni, M., Carolan-Rees, G., Wood, K.A., Patrick, H., Griffith, M. (2019) Health Related Quality of Life Benefits from Ablation Continue at One Year: A longitudinal study using the C-CAP questionnaire and EQ5D. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 42; 66; 705-711.

Peirce, S.C., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2019). ReCell Spray-On Skin System for Treating Skin Loss, Scarring and Depigmentation after Burn Injury: A NICE Medical Technology GuidanceApplied Health Economics and Health Policy.

Ryczek, E., White, J., Poole, R. L., Reeves, N. L., Torkington, J., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2019). Normothermic Insufflation to Prevent Perioperative Hypothermia and Improve Quality of Recovery in Elective Colectomy Patients: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 8(12), e14533.

White, J., Carolan-Rees, G., Dale, M., Patrick, H. E., See, T. C., Bell, J. K., ... & Sharma, R. A. (2019). Yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization for chemotherapy-refractory intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: a prospective, observational study. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology30(8), 1185-1192.


Dale, M., Morgan, H., Carter, K., White, J., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2018). Peristeen Transanal Irrigation System to Manage Bowel Dysfunction: A NICE Medical Technology GuidanceApplied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-10.

Withers, K. L., Puntoni, S., O'Connell, S., Palmer, R. I., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2018). Standardising the collection of patient-reported experience measures to facilitate benchmarking and drive service improvementPatient Experience Journal, 5(3), 16-24.

White, J., Carolan-Rees, G., Dale, M., Morgan, H.E, Patrick, H.E., See, T.C., Beeton, E,L., Swinson, D.E.B., Bell, J.K., Manas, D.M., Crellin, A., Slevin, N.J., Sharma, R.A. (2018). Analysis of a National Programme for Selective Internal Radiation Therapy for Colorectal Cancer Liver MetastasesClinical Oncology.

O'Connell, S., Palmer, R., Withers, K., Saha, N., Putoni, S., Carolan-Rees, C. and on behalf of the PROMs, PREMs and Effectiveness Programme. (2018). Requirements for the collection of electronic PROMs either "in clinic" or "at home" as part of the PROMs, PREMs and Effectiveness Programme (PPEP) in Wales: a feasibility study using a generic PROM tool. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4, 90.

Ray, A. F., Powell, J., Speakman, M. J., Longford, N. T., DasGupta, R., Bryant, T., ... & Hacking, N. (2018). The UK ROPE Study: efficacy and safety of prostate artery embolisation for benign prostatic hyperplasia. An observational study and propensity matched comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate. BJU international.


Evans, J. M., Cleves, A., Morgan, H., Millar, L., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2017). ENDURALIFE-Powered Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy Defibrillator Devices for Treating Heart Failure: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-10.

Hickey, B. A., Cleves, A., Alikhan, R., Pugh, N., Nokes, L., & Perera, A. (2017). Can we use biomarkers of coagulation to predict which patients with foot and ankle injury will develop deep vein thrombosis?Foot and Ankle Surgery.

Hickey, B. A., Cleves, A., Alikhan, R., Pugh, N., Nokes, L., & Perera, A. (2017). The effect of active toe movement (AToM) on calf pump function and deep vein thrombosis in patients with acute foot and ankle trauma treated with cast–A prospective randomized studyFoot and Ankle Surgery23(3), 183-188.


Yeung, J., Cleves, A., Griffiths, H., & Nokes, L. (2016). Mobility, proprioception, strength and FMS as predictors of injury in professional footballersBMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 2(1), e000134.

Campbell. WB., Poole. RL., Ray. AF., Patrick. HE. (2016) Collecting data on treatments for varicose veins: Getting the focus rightPhlebology, Published online before print June 20.

Ray, A., Morgan, H., Wilkes, A., Carter, K., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2016) The Urolift System for the Treatment of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A NICE Medical Technology GuidanceApplied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-12.

Cleves, A., Dimmock, P., Hewitt, N., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2016) The TURis System for Transurethral Resection of the Prostate: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-13.


White. J., Withers K. L., Lencioni M., Carolan-Rees G., Wilkes A. R., Wood K. A., Patrick H., Cunningham D., Griffith M. (2015) Cardiff cardiac ablation patient-reported outcome measure (C-CAP): validation of a new questionnaire set for patients undergoing catheter ablation for cardiac arrhythmias in the UKQuality of Life Research. 1-13.

Dale, M., Higgins, A., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2015) Sherlock 3CG® Tip Confirmation System for Placement of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-9.

Ray, A. F., Peirce, S. C., Wilkes, A. R., & Carolan-Rees, G. (2015). Vision Amniotic Leak Detector (ALD) to Eliminate Amniotic Fluid Leakage as a Cause of Vaginal Wetness in Pregnancy: A NICE Medical Technology GuidanceApplied Health Economics and Health Policy, 1-12.

Withers, K. L., Wood, K. A., Carolan-Rees, G., Patrick, H., Lencioni, M., & Griffith, M. (2015). Living on a knife edge-the daily struggle of coping with symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias. Health and quality of life outcomesHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes 13: 86.

Withers K.L., Wood K.A., Carolan-Rees G., Patrick H., Lencioni M., Griffith M. (2015) Establishing content validity in a novel patient reported outcome measure for cardiac arrhythmia ablation patientsHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes 13:38

White J., Ivins N., Wilkes A., Carolan-Rees G., Harding K.G. (2015). Non-contact low-frequency ultrasound therapy compared with UK standard of care for venous leg ulcers: a single-centre, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trialInternational Wound Journal 2016 13(5):833-42.

Carolan-Rees G., and Ray, A.F. (2015) The ScanTrainer obstetrics and gynaecology ultrasound virtual reality training simulator: A cost model to determine the cost viability of replacing clinical training with simulation training. Ultrasound 23: 110–115.


Penketh R.J.A., Bruen E.M., White J., Griffiths A.N., Patwardhan A., Lindsay P., Hill S., Carolan-Rees G. (2014) Feasibility of resectoscopic operative hysteroscopy in a UK outpatient clinic using local anaesthetic and traditional reusable equipment, with patient experiences and comparative cost analysis. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynaecology Sep-Oct;21(5):830-6.

Withers K.L., White J., Carolan-Rees G., Patrick H., O'Callaghan P., Murray S., Cunningham D., Wood K.A., Lencioni M., Griffith M. (2014) Patient reported outcome measures for cardiac ablation procedures: a multicentre pilot to develop a new questionnaire. Europace. (11): 1626-1633

Dale M., Cox-Martin B., Shaw P., Carolan-Rees G. (2014) Cost-effective non-surgical treatment of chronic pressure ulcers in the community. British Journal of Community Nursing, Vol. 19, Iss. Sup1, 07, pp S6 - S12


Peirce, S., Ray, A. and Carolan-Rees, G. (2013), Diagnostic reliability of sterile speculum exam for rupture of membranes. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 92: 1116–1117. 

White, J. and Carolan-Rees, C. (2013) Current state of medical device nomenclature and taxonomy systems in the UK: spotlight on GMDN and SNOMED CT. JRSM Short Reports July 2013 4: 1-7. 

Withers K, Carolan-Rees G, Dale M. (2013) Pipeline™ Embolization Device for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms: a NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 11(1):5-13. 


White, J. and Carolan-Rees, G. (2012) PleurX Peritoneal Catheter Drainage System for Vacuum-Assisted Drainage of Treatment-Resistant, Recurrent Malignant Ascites: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 10 (5): 299-308.